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"Master YHWH" and "I AM"s in the Peshitta
Semitic idioms:
"heart" = mind/thinking.

I'm not aware of any Greek idioms in the New Testament-- are you?
Do you think the phrase "eyes of your heart" meant anything to Greek speakers?

Ephesians 1:18 (MOUNCE)
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I pray that eis, with the ho eyes ophthalmos of ho your hymeis heart kardia enlightened photizo?.

Originally in Aramaic, the NT was eventually translated into Greek. The Greek translations retain many Semitic idioms present in the original Aramaic.

In the OT (and NT), the word "heart" often is a Semitic idiomatic reference to the mind/thinking:

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Genesis 6:5
And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth,
and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.
Genesis 8:21
And the Lord smelled a sweet savour;
and the Lord said in his heart,
I will not again curse the ground any more for man's sake;
for the imagination of man's heart is evil from his youth?.
Genesis 17:17
Then Abraham fell upon his face, and laughed, and said in his heart,
Shall a child be born unto him that is an hundred years old?
Genesis 18:5
And I will fetch a morsel of bread,
and comfort ye your hearts;?.

Speaking in Aramaic, Jesus used "heart" in a Semitic idiomatic way:

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Matthew 5:8
Blessed are the pure in heart:
for they shall see God.
Matthew 5:28
But I say unto you,
That whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her
hath committed adultery with her already in his heart.

The 4 Gospels were originally in Aramaic, and Mark, Luke, and John included use of "heart" in a Semitic idiomatic way, not merely when quoting Semites e.g. Jesus, but also in their narration of events:

Mark 2:6
But there was certain of the scribes sitting there, and reasoning in their hearts,
Mark 3:5
And when he had looked round about on them with anger, being grieved for the hardness of their hearts, he saith unto the man?.
Mark 6:52
For they considered not the miracle of the loaves: for their heart was hardened.
Mark 16:14
Afterward he appeared unto the eleven as they sat at meat, and upbraided them with their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they believed not them which had seen him after he was risen.

Luke 1:66
And all they that heard them laid them up in their hearts, saying, What manner of child shall this be!
Luke 2:19
But Mary kept all these things, and pondered them in her heart.
Luke 2:51
And he went down with them, and came to Nazareth, and was subject unto them: but his mother kept all these sayings in her heart.
Luke 3:15
And as the people were in expectation, and all men mused in their hearts of John, whether he were the Christ, or not;
Luke 9:47
And Jesus, perceiving the thought of their heart, took a child, and set him by him,

John 13:2
And supper being ended, the devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him;

Luke also included use of "heart" in a Semitic idiomatic way in narrative portions of the book of Acts:

Acts 2:37
Now when they heard this, they were pricked in their heart, and said unto Peter and to the rest of the apostles, Men and brethren, what shall we do?
Acts 2:46
And they, continuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, did eat their meat with gladness and singleness of heart,
Acts 4:32
And the multitude of them that believed were of one heart and of one soul: neither said any of them that ought of the things which he possessed was his own; but they had all things common.

Writing in Aramaic, Paul and other NT writers included use of "heart" in a Semitic idiomatic way:

Romans 1:21
Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened.
Romans 2:5
But after thy hardness and impenitent heart treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God;
Romans 2:15
Which shew the work of the law written in their hearts,
their conscience also bearing witness,
and their thoughts the mean while accusing or else excusing one anotherWink
Romans 10:6
But the righteousness which is of faith speaketh on this wise, Say not in thine heart, Who shall ascend into heaven? (that is, to bring Christ down from aboveSmile
Romans 10:9
That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved.
Romans 10:10
For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.
Romans 16:18
For they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly; and by good words and fair speeches deceive the hearts of the simple.

1 Corinthians 4:5
Therefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord come,
who both will bring to light the hidden things of darkness,
and will make manifest the counsels of the hearts:
and then shall every man have praise of God.

2 Corinthians 3:15
But even unto this day, when Moses is read, the vail is upon their heart.
2 Corinthians 9:7
Every man according as he purposeth in his heart, so let him give; not grudgingly, or of necessity: for God loveth a cheerful giver.

Galatians 4:6
And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father.

Ephesians 3:17
That Christ may dwell in your hearts by faith; that ye, being rooted and grounded in love,
Ephesians 4:18
Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart:
Ephesians 5:19
Speaking to yourselves in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing and making melody in your heart to the Lord;
Ephesians 6:5
Servants, be obedient to them that are your masters according to the flesh, with fear and trembling, in singleness of your heart, as unto Christ;

Philippians 1:7
Even as it is meet for me to think this of you all, because I have you in my heart; inasmuch as both in my bonds, and in the defence and confirmation of the gospel, ye all are partakers of my grace.

Colossians 2:2
That their hearts might be comforted, being knit together in love, and unto all riches of the full assurance of understanding, to the acknowledgement of the mystery of God, and of the Father, and of Christ;
Colossians 3:15
And let the peace of God rule in your hearts, to the which also ye are called in one body; and be ye thankful.
Colossians 3:16
Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly in all wisdom; teaching and admonishing one another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing with grace in your hearts to the Lord.
Colossians 3:22
Servants, obey in all things your masters according to the flesh; not with eyeservice, as menpleasers; but in singleness of heart, fearing God;
Colossians 4:8
Whom I have sent unto you for the same purpose, that he might know your estate, and comfort your hearts;

1 Thessalonians 2:4
But as we were allowed of God to be put in trust with the gospel, even so we speak; not as pleasing men, but God, which trieth our hearts.
1 Thessalonians 2:17
But we, brethren, being taken from you for a short time in presence, not in heart, endeavoured the more abundantly to see your face with great desire.
1 Thessalonians 3:13
To the end he may stablish your hearts unblameable in holiness before God, even our Father, at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ with all his saints.

2 Thessalonians 2:17
Comfort your hearts, and stablish you in every good word and work.
2 Thessalonians 3:5
And the Lord direct your hearts into the love of God, and into the patient waiting for Christ.

1 Timothy 1:5
Now the end of the commandment is charity out of a pure heart, and of a good conscience, and of faith unfeigned:

2 Timothy 2:22
Flee also youthful lusts: but follow righteousness, faith, charity, peace, with them that call on the Lord out of a pure heart.

Hebrews 3:12
Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living God.
Hebrews 4:12
For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.
Hebrews 10:16
This is the covenant that I will make with them after those days, saith the Lord,
I will put my laws into their hearts,
and in their minds will I write them;
Hebrews 10:22
Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith,
having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience,
and our bodies washed with pure water.

James 1:26
If any man among you seem to be religious, and bridleth not his tongue, but deceiveth his own heart, this man's religion is vain.
James 3:14
But if ye have bitter envying and strife in your hearts, glory not, and lie not against the truth.
James 4:8
Draw nigh to God,
and he will draw nigh to you.
Cleanse your hands, ye sinners;
and purify your hearts, ye double minded.
James 5:8
Be ye also patient;
stablish your hearts:
for the coming of the Lord draweth nigh.

1 Peter 1:22
Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren, see that ye love one another with a pure heart fervently:

2 Peter 1:19
We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your hearts:
2 Peter 2:14
Having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling unstable souls: an heart they have exercised with covetous practices; cursed children:

1 John 3:19
And hereby we know that we are of the truth, and shall assure our hearts before him.
1 John 3:20
For if our heart condemn us, God is greater than our heart, and knoweth all things.
1 John 3:21
Beloved, if our heart condemn us not, then have we confidence toward God.

Revelation 2:23
And I will kill her children with death; and all the churches shall know that I am he which searcheth the reins and hearts: and I will give unto every one of you according to your works.
Revelation 17:17
For God hath put in their hearts to fulfil his will, and to agree, and give their kingdom unto the beast, until the words of God shall be fulfilled.
Revelation 18:7
How much she hath glorified herself, and lived deliciously, so much torment and sorrow give her: for she saith in her heart, I sit a queen, and am no widow, and shall see no sorrow.

References to "bowels" in the OT and NT can be Semitic references to:
-- having or expressing intense feelings, often feelings of compassion/mercy or love/affection;
-- references to the mind/thinking:

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Genesis 43:30
And Joseph made haste;
for his bowels did yearn upon his brother:
and he sought where to weep;
and he entered into his chamber,
and wept there.

1 Kings 3:26
Then spake the woman whose the living child was unto the king, for her bowels yearned upon her son, and she said,
O my lord, give her the living child,
and in no wise slay it.
But the other said,
Let it be neither mine nor thine,
but divide it.

Song of Solomon 5:4
My beloved put in his hand by the hole of the door,
and my bowels were moved for him.

Isaiah 16:11
Wherefore my bowels shall sound like an harp for Moab,
and mine inward parts for Kirharesh.

Isaiah 63:15
Look down from heaven,
and behold from the habitation of thy holiness and of thy glory:
where is thy zeal and thy strength,
the sounding of thy bowels
and of thy mercies toward me?
are they restrained?

Jeremiah 4:19
My bowels, my bowels!
I am pained at my very heart;
my heart maketh a noise in me;
I cannot hold my peace,
because thou hast heard, O my soul,
the sound of the trumpet,
the alarm of war.
Jeremiah 31:20
Is Ephraim my dear son?
is he a pleasant child?
for since I spake against him,
I do earnestly remember him still:
therefore my bowels are troubled for him;
I will surely have mercy upon him, saith the Lord.

Lamentations 1:20
Behold, O Lord; for I am in distress:
my bowels are troubled;
mine heart is turned within me;
for I have grievously rebelled:
abroad the sword bereaveth,
at home there is as death.

2 Corinthians 6:12
Ye are not straitened in us,
but ye are straitened in your own bowels.
2 Corinthians 6:12 (HCSB)
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You are not limited by us,
but you are limited by your own affections.

Philippians 1:8
For God is my record,
how greatly I long after you all
in the bowels of Jesus Christ.
Philippians 2:1
If there be therefore any consolation in Christ,
if any comfort of love,
if any fellowship of the Spirit,
if any bowels and mercies,

Colossians 3:12
Put on therefore,
as the elect of God,
holy and beloved,
bowels of mercies, kindness,
humbleness of mind, meekness,

Philemon 1:7
For we have great joy and consolation in thy love,
because the bowels of the saints are refreshed by thee, brother.
Philemon 1:12
Whom I have sent again:
thou therefore receive him,
that is, mine own bowels:
Philemon 1:20
Yea, brother, let me have joy of thee in the Lord:
refresh my bowels in the Lord.

1 John 3:17
But whoso hath this world's good,
and seeth his brother have need,
and shutteth up his bowels of compassion from him,
how dwelleth the love of God in him?

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Re: "Master YHWH" and "I AM"s in the Peshitta - by DavidFord - 01-17-2015, 04:48 PM

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